5 Most Common Learning Disabilities: You must work hard in order to have success in school. Unfortunately, for some students hard work may not be enough. Some students experience additional challenges in the classroom due to learning disabilities. A learning disability is a disorder that inhibits the ability to process and retain information. Due to the complexity of the brain, learning disabilities can vary dramatically. Here are 5 of the most common learning disabilities found in schools today:
5 Most Common Learning Disabilities - #1: Dyslexia (Reading Disabilities)
Dyslexia is perhaps the best known learning disability. It is a disorder that impedes the student's ability to read and comprehend a text. There a variety of ways it can manifest. Some people fail to recognize the way words break down according to sound (phonemic awareness). Some students cannot not distinguish between similar word sounds (phonological processing). Other issues relate to fluency, spelling, comprehension, and more. Students may experience one issue, or a combination of reading issues when struggling with dyslexia.
5 Most Common Learning Disabilities - #2: Dyscalculia (Disabilities in Mathematics)
Math is another major area of concern when it comes to learning disabilities. Dyscalculia can range from an inability to order numbers correctly and limited problem solving strategies. Students with math disorders may have problems performing basic math calculations or they may have difficulty with concepts such as time, measurement, or estimation.
5 Most Common Learning Disabilities - #3: Dysgraphia (Writing Disabilities)
Writing difficulties can be just as difficult to overcome as reading difficulties. Dysgraphia can be related to the physical act of writing. These students often cannot hold a pencil properly, and their posture may be tense while trying to write. This leads them to tire easily, causing discouragement that inhibits progress. Dysgraphia can also refer to difficulty with written expression. Students have trouble organizing their thoughts coherently. Their writing may be redundant or have obvious omissions that affect quality and readability. Dysgraphia may also cause students to struggle with basic sentence structure and grammar.
5 Most Common Learning Disabilities - #4: Dyspraxia (Motor Skills Disabilities)
Motor difficulty refers to problems with movement and coordination. A motor disability is sometimes referred to as an "output" activity, meaning that it relates to the output of information from the brain. In order to run, jump, cut, or write something, the brain must be able to communicate with the necessary limbs to complete the action. Problems with activities that require hand-eye coordination (holding a pencil, buttoning a shirt) are signs that a child may suffer from dyspraxia. Daniel Ratcliffe, the British actor famous for portraying Harry Potter, suffers from dyspraxia.
5 Most Common Learning Disabilities - #5: Dysphasia or Aphasia (Language Learning Problems)
Dysphasia, or aphasia, is a type of speech disorder in which one is impaired in the ability to express speech, writing, signs, or has difficulty in comprehension of spoken word or language. Symptoms include problems with verbal language, inability to retell a story, fluency of speech, and difficulty understanding meanings of words and directions.