healtheo360 Wellness Blog

Blood Cancer Awareness Month

Posted on Sep 28, 2015 12:52:46 AM by healtheo360

Did you know that every 3 minutes someone in the US is diagnosed with blood cancer? The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society (LLS) is leading the way in funding research to advance breakthrough therapies and ensure access to treatments for blood cancers and improve the quality of life for patients and their families.

Blood Cancer

What is Blood cancer?

Blood cancer affects the production and function of blood cells. The affected blood cells then can cause, life-threatening damage to the immune system and circulatory system, in the body.

Different Types

Hodgkin Lymphoma - is a cancer of the blood and bone marrow

Leukemia - occurs in blood forming tissue, and uncontrollable growth of blood cells, which are usually whit blood cells (leukocytes). There are four main types of Leukemia; acute myeloid, chronic myeloid, acute lymphocytic and chronic lymphocytic.

Multiple Myeloma - occurs in the blood’s plasma cells, which is a type of white blood cell that is made in the bone marrow.

Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) - originates in your lymphatic system, the disease-fighting network spreads throughout your body. Generally develops in the lymph nodes and lymphatic tissues. Lymph tissue is found in the lymph nodes, spleen, and other areas of the body. In some cases, NHL involves bone marrow and blood.

Symptoms

• Fever
• Night sweats
• Shortness breath
• Frequent infections
• Swollen lymph nodes in the neck, underarms and groin
• Bone/joint pain
• Headaches
• Weakness, persistent fatigue

Treatments

Stem Cell Transplant - this transplant infuses healthy blood-forming cells into the body. Stem cells can be collected from bone marrow, peripheral blood and umbilical cord blood.

Chemotherapy - this type of therapy is used in anticancer drugs that are designed to slow the growth of the cancer cells in the body. In some case chemotherapy is given before a stem cell transplant.

Radiation Therapy - this form of therapy is used to destroy cancer cells or to relieve pain and may also be given before a stem cell transplant.

Donation

Peripheral Blood Cell – 75 percent of cases are offered this method. This is non-surgical, outpatient procedure that collects the blood stem cells from the bloodstream. This normally takes about 4-8 hours on 1-2 consecutive days.

Bone Marrow – 25 percent of cases are offered this method, generally the patient is a child. This is a 1-2 hour surgical procedure performed under anesthesia. Marrow cells are collected from the back of your pelvic bone-using syringe.

New cases of leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma are expected to account for 9.4 percent of estimated 1,665,540 new cancer cases diagnosed in the US in 2014. Blood Cancer Awareness Month presents the opportunity to educate people about the need for finding cures and creating access to treatments for all types of blood cancers.

 

Sources:

Cancer Treatment Centers for America

Leukemia & Lymphoma Society

Delete Blood Cancer

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