Did you know that colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cancer in the United States? The goal of Colorectal awareness month is to raise awareness about colorectal cancer and how to take action toward prevention.
What is Colorectal Cancer?
Colorectal cancer also known as colon cancer or rectal cancer is a cancer that starts in the colon or rectum. This form of cancer begins as a growth called a polyp. Colorectal cancer often affects people who are at least 50 years old. The American Cancer Society has estimated 95,720 new cases of colon cancer and 39,220 new cases of rectal cancer in the United States for 2016.
• Blood in the stool
• Frequent gas pains, bloating, fullness, or cramps
• Change in bowel habits
• Change in appetite
• General abdominal discomfort
• Blood in stool
• Constipation or diarrhea
Every year, about 140,000 Americans are diagnosed with colorectal cancer, and more than 50,000 people die, according to CDC.
• Physical Exam and medical history
• Digital rectal exam
• Fecal occult blood test
• Barium enema
• Physical exam and medical history
• Digital rectum exam
• Carcinoembryoc antigen (CEA) assay
• Biological Therapy
• Liver directed therapy
• Radiation therapy
• Pelvic exenteration
• Radiation Therapy
• Targeted therapies
1. No smoking
2. Cut out the heavy drinking, if possible drink occasionally or not at all
3. Exercise daily
4. Get screened for at your local hospital
5. Always know your family’s medical history
6. Aspirin such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory may help to reduce the size of polyps in the colon.