What is Earth Day?
Earth Day is a modern environmental movement that Gaylord Nelson initiated in 1970 after witnessing the ravages of the 1969 oil spill in Santa Barbara, California. On April 22nd 1970, 20 million Americans took to the streets, parks, and auditoriums to demonstrate for a healthy, sustainable environment in massive coast-to-coast rallies. Earth Day in 1970 received the attention and support from Republicans, Democrats, rich, poor, city slickers, farmers, tycoons, and labor leaders. At the end of that year the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the Clean Air, Clear Water, and Endangered Species Acts were created.
Interesting Facts about the Earth
1. Earth is home to approximately 3.04 trillion trees
2. Only about .003% of the water on Earth can be used by humans
3. Earth’s days are getting longer by 1.7 milliseconds every century
4. The Earth’s core is about as hot as the sun.
5. One-third of Earth’s land surface is partially or totally desert.
6. An estimated 100-300 tons of cosmic dust enters the earth’s atmosphere every day.
7. 20% of the Earth’s oxygen is produced by the amazon rainforest
8. Oceans cover 71% of the Earth’s surface
9. Six countries comprise 40% of Earth’s landmass.
10. Earth is the only place in the solar system where water can be presented in 3 states: solid, liquid, and vapor.
More than 192 countries worldwide celebrate Earth Day and the goal for the 50th anniversary of Earth Day is to plant 7.8 billion trees by the year 2020.