Epilepsy - Seizure First Aid: A seizure is an electrical disturbance in the brain that can cause confusion, muscle jerking, and loss of memory. A person who suffers more than one seizure is said to have epilepsy. Poorly controlled seizures can lead to injuries, limitations at school or work, and an inability to drive. If you are with someone who has a seizure, it is important to have a general idea of what to do, and what things to avoid. Also, be aware of things to look for that would require calling emergency medical services.
Epilepsy - Seizure First Aid: What Is Epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a group of neurological disorders characterized by recurrent seizures. Seizures occur due to a surge of electrical activity in the brain, causing a disturbance in messaging signals between brain cells. Episodes can result in physical injury, occasionally including broken bones.
Epilepsy - Seizure First Aid: In the Event of a Seizure...
- Do: Remain calm
- Do: Create a safe area, free from sharp edges or objects
- Do: Place something soft under their head
- Do: Turn them on their side
- Do: Stay with them until help arrives
- Don't: Panic
- Don't: Restrain them
- Don't: Hold down their tongue
- Don't: Put anything in their mouth
Epilepsy - Seizure First Aid: Emergencies
Call 9-1-1 or any other emergency medical service if any of these occur:
- It is the person's first seizure
- The seizure lasts 5 minutes or more
- Multiple seizures occur without the person being able to recover
- Breathing appears to be difficult or has stopped
- An injury may have occurred
- The person asks for medical help