According to a new study, people living in proximity to the sea are healthier than those living inland. The study was published in the journal Health & Place by the European Centre for Environment & Human Health at the University of Exeter's Peninsula College of Medicine.
Researchers analyzed information from more than 48 million people living in England. They used the data from the 2001 Census to compare health conditions of people based on how far away they lived from the sea. Respondents were asked to rate their health as “good”, “fairly good”, or “not good.” Overall, 69% of the population rated their health as “good.” Researchers found that more “good” were reported from those living within three miles of sea, compared to those living over 30 miles away from the sea. Researchers found that the closer people lived to the sea, the higher health rating they reported.
Although the study revealed a positive effect on health of living close to the sea, but researchers didn’t prove the cause-effect relationship. Ben Wheeler, a study researcher suggested that people living by the sea had lower level of stress and were generally calmer. These factors might contribute to the overall health of people living close to the sea. They also referred to an earlier study that found that people felt more calmness when they visited beaches than city parks or countryside.
The result took into account variations in age, sex, race, social and economic factors.