Did you know that 11 million people in the United States have some form of age-related macular degeneration? Age is a prominent risk factor for age-related macular degeneration in many adults.
What is AMD?
AMD also known as Age-Related Macular Degeneration is a common eye condition. AMD is the leading cause of vision loss among people from the age of 50 and older. It is the destruction of the macula, which is the central area of the eye’s retina. This will eventually lead to loss of sharp, fine-detail, “straight ahead” vision, contrast sensitivity, need for higher light levels, and impaired depth perception. The two forms of Macular Degeneration that may occur are dry and wet. AMD has four stages, which are: early, intermediate, late, and advanced neovascular AMD.
Symptoms of Dry and Wet Macular Degeneration:
Dry form of Macular Degeneration:
• Slightly blurred central vision, near and far
• Center of vision may be fuzzy, this area grows larger, as it progresses
• Difficult to see color and fine details
• Blind spots may develop
Wet form of Macular Degeneration (Same symptoms as Dry form in addition to):
• Straight lines will appear wavy
• Central vision loss will occur rapidly
There are many ways to spot AMD and how to start early treatment, with early detection. Here are some ways to detect for Macular Degeneration:
• Visual Acuity Test
• Dilated Eye Exam
• Amsler grid
• Fluorescein angiogram
• Optical Coherence Tomography
Research shows that there is no particular treatments for dry macular degeneration, but it is suggested to take a high dose of vitamins and supplements in the AREDS formula. (Age-related Eye Disease Study)
Wet form of Macular Degeneration:
• Angiogenesis Inhibitors
• Photodynamic Therapy
• Laser Photocoagulation
• Implantable Miniature Telescope
This article highlighted the major facts of Age- Related Macular Degeneration, the stages, the symptoms, how to be diagnosis, and the treatments. Go to your eye doctor today to get an eye exam and see the health of your eyes and what actions you can take if you’re suffering from AMD.