An ongoing study labeled Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS), funded by the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke has published an interesting article in Stroke. The report shows that even minuscule improvements in lifestyle addressing cardiovascular risk factors significantly reduces the risk of an individual suffering a stroke.
In the United States, strokes are a prevalent cause of disability and early mortality. Caused by abnormal blood flow to the brain and/or the bursting of blood vessels in the brain. Previous research proposes that reducing cardiovascular disease related risk factors could obviate strokes.
Back in 2010, the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association outlined 7 cardiovascular-related risk factors as: obesity, smoking, poor diet, physical inactivity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and elevated blood glucose.
Using these seven risk factors, the American Heart Association and American Stroke Association conceived a method of measuring cardiovascular health called a Life’s Simple 7 (LS7) score. Each of the seven variables is scored based on poor compliance, intermediate compliance, and ideal compliance. From this, scores will clearly indicate poor, average, and/or optimal cardiovascular health. Many of these factors can be simply managed, for those having trouble, participating in jogging groups, simple household diets, and preventative heart attack support groups can all be beneficial long term.
For the study, a team of researchers determined the definite relationship between these LS7 scores and the actual occasion of a stroke. From 2003 to 2007, the study enrolled over 22,000 participants.
Results demonstrated than an increase of even one point on the LS7score massively minimized the likelihood that a subject would have a stroke regardless of ethnicity.