Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer found in men. The American Cancer Society estimates that there will be 180,890 new diagnoses of prostate cancer in 2016. Prostate cancer affects 1 out of 7 males and is most common in males over the age of 50. However, on a happier note, most men who are diagnosed with prostate cancer still live to tell the tale.
What is Prostate Cancer?
The prostate is a small gland found in the male reproductive system. It is located directly underneath the bladder and assists in creating semen. This particular type of cancer occurs when cancer cells form in the prostate gland. The cell changes in a prostate are referred to as “low-grade” when the cells are changing at a normal pace and “high-grade” when cells are changing at an abnormal pace.
Men with “high-grade” cell changes are at a higher risk of having cancer cells form in their prostate.
Signs and Symptoms:
Men with prostate cancer usually experience little to no symptoms in the early stages. In fact, “Several studies have indicated that perhaps about 80% of all men in their eighties had prostate cancer when they died, but nobody knew” (Medical News Today). Symptoms that males may experience include more frequent urination, difficulty urinating, and bloody or painful urination. In more aggressive, later stages of the cancer men may experience bone pain in the spine, pelvis or ribs, leg weakness, and urinary incontinence or in simpler terms going to the bathroom when you did not plan to.
There are several risk factors that may cause prostate cancer but the primary risk factor is age. As stated earlier, prostate cancer is most common in males over the age of 50. Other risk factors include genetics, a poor diet consisting of frequent intake of red meats, obesity, and a lack of vitamin D.
Although there have been several suggested risk factors of prostate cancer, none have been strong enough to make many recommendations in preventing prostate cancer. Some suggestions for men would be living a healthy lifestyle by eating less dark meats and exercising often. Eating good fats such as fish may help lower chances of prostate cancer as well. Other dietary components that may reduce your risk are green tea, soy, broccoli, cauliflower, and tomatoes cooked with olive oil. Overall, the best recommendation to men would be to live a healthy stress free lifestyle. It is also important for males, especially those in their 50’s with high-grade cell formation to go for a yearly rectal exam and PSA test.