healtheo360 Wellness Blog

Sexually Transmitted Infections Awareness Month

Posted on Apr 20, 2016 12:45:34 AM by healtheo360

Every year, 1 in every 4 teens contracts an STD/STI. Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) Awareness Month offers support, education, and awareness to individuals about sexually transmitted infections.

sexually transmitted infections

What is a Sexually Transmitted Infection?

Sexually transmitted infections (STI) are passed from one person to another during unprotected sexual contact. Most new cases of sexually transmitted infections occur among people ages 15 to 24 years old. Each year, there are nearly 3 million new cases of chlamydia, many of which are in adolescents and young adults.

Common STIs

Chlamydia
Crabs (pubic lice)
Genital herpes
Genital warts
HIV/AIDS
Syphilis
Human papillomavirus (HPV)

Symptoms

Symptoms may vary depending on the infection. For sexually transmitted infections there are either no symptoms or few symptoms. Here are a few common symptoms to look out for:

Rash
Lower abdominal pain
Genital itching
Irregular growths (warts) in genital area
Sores or blisters either on the genitals or on/around the anus, or mouth

sexually transmitted infections

Test/Diagnosis

Exams that are used for STI screenings are:
Blood test
Urine test
Fluid/ tissue sample
Pelvic and physical exam

Treatment

Treatment varies depending on the STI. Some sexually transmitted infections are cured by medication or injection. However, not all STIs are curable, but symptoms can be reduced with medicine.

Prevention

Using condoms during sexual activity
Getting vaccinated for STIs such as HPV and Hepatitis B
Limit your number of sex partners
Getting tested
Becoming monogamous
Women should not douche because it can remove some of the normal bacteria that protects against infection.

Sources:
Medical News Today
Womens Health
American Sexual Health Association
Options for Sexual Health

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