Type 2 Diabetes - Nine Warning Signs: Diabetes is a metabolic disease characterized by the body’s diminished ability to produce insulin, a hormone that helps regulate blood glucose levels. There are two main types of the disease: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease, affecting roughly 29.1 million Americans. While there is no cure for type 2 diabetes, the disease can be treated.
Early detection can slow the progression of the disease, which can lead to a handful of health complications if left untreated. Here are nine warning signs of type 2 diabetes:
Type 2 Diabetes - Nine Warning Signs: #1 Frequent Urination
Do you find yourself making more trips to the bathroom than usual? Frequent urination is a common symptom of type 2 diabetes. This is the body’s response to elevated levels of blood glucose. Your kidneys react by flushing the excess sugar out of your blood and into your urine.
Type 2 Diabetes - Nine Warning Signs: #2 Increased Thirst
Many symptoms of type 2 diabetes are linked to one another, creating a domino effect. Frequent urination can lead to dehydration, which is characterized by extreme thirst. If you find yourself drinking more water and making frequent trips to the bathroom, contact your doctor to determine the cause.
Type 2 Diabetes - Nine Warning Signs: #3 Weight Loss
Unexplained weight loss is another common symptom of type 2 diabetes. When you are suffering from the disease, your cells do not get enough glucose. Also, frequent urination causes you to lose calories, which may result in weight loss.
Type 2 Diabetes - Nine Warning Signs: #4 Increased Hunger
People living with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes often experience an increase in hunger. The lack of insulin makes it difficult for the body to convert the food you eat into energy. This lack of energy leads to an increase in hunger. Unfortunately, these cravings cannot be satisfied by simply eating, as this just adds to the already high levels of blood glucose.
Type 2 Diabetes - Nine Warning Signs: #5 Pain and Numbness
High blood sugar can cause nerve damage throughout the body, especially in the extremities. This condition, known as diabetic neuropathy, typically starts in the feet and works itself upwards. Numbness and tingling sensations are the most common sign of the condition, however not everyone experiences these symptoms.
Type 2 Diabetes - Nine Warning Signs: #6 Frequent Infections
Elevated levels of blood sugar causes yeast and bacteria to multiple more rapidly. Because of this, women with type 2 diabetes may experience frequent vaginal infections. Foot infections are also common as nerve damage attacks the architecture of the extremities.
Type 2 Diabetes - Nine Warning Signs: #7 Blurred Vision
Patients suffering from uncontrolled type 2 diabetes may experience blurred vision. This is caused by rapid changes in blood glucose levels. Fortunately, vision problems are only temporary, as the body eventually adapts to the changes of glucose levels.
Type 2 Diabetes - Nine Warning Signs: #8 Dark Skin Patches
Acanthosis nigricans, a condition characterized by discoloration in the folds of skin, is another common symptom of type 2 diabetes. These dark skin patches typically form in the armpits, neck, and groin areas.
Type 2 Diabetes - Nine Warning Signs: #9 Slow Healing Wounds
Elevated blood glucose levels can cause poor circulation or immunodeficiency, which may cause wounds and general infections to heal more slowly.