Urinary Tract Infection (UTI): UTIs are infections that occur in any part of the urinary tract, including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. A UTI occurs when germs, most often bacteria from the digestive tract, get into the opening of the urethra and start to multiply.
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI): Types
- Urethritis is an infection of the urethra, the hollow tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body.This type of UTI can occur when gastrointestinal (GI) bacteria spread from the anus to the urethra.
- This is an infection in the bladder from germs that have moved up from the urethra. This type of UTI is usually caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli), a type of bacteria commonly found in the GI tract. All women are at risk of cystitis because of their anatomy — specifically, the short distance from the urethra to the anus and the urethral opening to the bladder.
- This infection of the kidneys is most often a result of an infection that has spread up the urinary tract, or from a blockage in the urinary tract. A blockage causes urine to back up into the ureters and kidneys.
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI): Symptoms
- Pain in the back or side, below the ribs
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- A strong, persistent urge to urinate
- Pain or a burning sensation when urinating
- Passing frequent, small amounts of urine
- Urine that appears cloudy
- Urine that appears red, bright pink or cola-colored — a sign of blood in the urine
- Strong-smelling urine
- Pelvic pain, in women — especially in the center of the pelvis and around the area of the pubic bone
Urinary Tract Infection (UTI): Treatment
Antibiotics are used to treat UTIs. Other treatments may include pain relievers, and drinking plenty of water to help wash bacteria out of the urinary tract.
"Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)." Mayo Clinic. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 30 Nov. 2016. Web. 17 July 2017.
"What You Need to Know About UTIs." Johns Hopkins Medicine Health Library. John Hopkins Health System, n.d. Web. 17 July 2017.