In its earliest stages, lung cancer does not normally show signs or symptoms in the affected person. Although when the condition has advanced, symptoms may include chest pain, shortness of breath, weight loss, chronic coughing or hemoptysis (coughing up blood). Through counseling and guidance, a physician may provide a better understanding of experienced symptoms.
Affecting both men and women in America, lung cancer is the nation's leading type of cancer related death. The tobacco industry and cigarette manufacturers continue to market low-nicotine products and electronic cigarettes. Low-nicotine products labeled low-tar, mild, light or non-menthol cigarettes are equally harmful. And electronic cigarettes are relatively new to the market which means its lasting effects are unknown but the products have been linked to respiratory issues and physical harm to the lungs. Targeted populations throughout the nation may understand the harsh effect of smoking cigarettes but the medical and public health community will be the driving force of evidence-based policy and programming towards a smoke-free nation.
Cigarette smoking has been the determining link in forming lung cancer. In fact, cancer can impact cigarette smokers and non-smokers. Exposure, secondhand cigarette smoke, also increases the likelihood of smoking related illness. Nevertheless, there has been a significant decrease in risk of lung cancer when individuals quit smoking - despite how long the person has smoked and the number of cigarettes inhaled per day.
During follow-up treatment of lung cancer and disease alike, new symptoms experienced will be documented in order to monitor the person's overall health. Doctors visits may include computerized tomography (CT) scans and blood tests as a visual means to observe the individual. But scheduled visits are also a time to ask questions and express any concerns to the health professional. Lung cancer treatment options vary by person yet, it is essential for the individual to comfortably partake in the ultimate decision making process.
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Cummings, K Michael, and Robert N Proctor. “The Changing Public Image of Smoking in the United States: 1964-2014.” Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention : a Publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, Cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Jan. 2014, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3894634/.
“Living as a Lung Cancer Survivor: Lung Cancer Survivorship.” American Cancer Society, 2019, www.cancer.org/cancer/lung-cancer/after-treatment/follow-up.html.