Dementia is a common term used to define a decline in mental ability that is harsh enough to hinder one’s daily life. It describes a set of symptoms affecting memory, thinking, and general social abilities. However, you may not know that dementia also characterizes a number of conditions that affect and damage the brain cells, leading to gradual deterioration of memory, decision making, mood, personality, self-expression, and the ability to perform routine activities. For example, Alzheimer’s disease is one of the most general causes of dementia. However, researchers have discovered that there are over a hundred types of dementia in existence. One of the rarest forms is called Creutzfeldt-Jacob Disease.
An astounding 47.5 million people are currently living with dementia all over the world. These numbers are expected to triple by 2050. While 60-80% of these cases are due to Alzheimer’s disease, there are a multitude of other forms of this mental condition that are not as familiar.