The CDC estimates that approximately 1.1 million people in the United States are living with HIV, and around 50,000 new cases are still diagnosed each year, despite increased visibility and preventive education. Alarmingly, as many as 20% of those afflicted are unaware that they have contracted the disease due to limited access to HIV tests.
One of the biggest reasons explaining the stagnancy in the rate of new HIV cases diagnosed each years involves inadequate access to testing opportunities. Low-income and minority populations typically have the most restricted access to traditional healthcare, and yet these communities experience the highest incidences of HIV. Making HIV tests more available to these groups may be able to increase awareness and early treatment of the disease in affected individuals, while facilitating educational discussions within these demographics as a whole.