Consequences of High Blood Pressure: High blood pressure (hypertension) can silently damage the body and cause complications. The excessive pressure on your artery walls caused by high blood pressure can damage your blood vessels, as well as organs in your body. The higher your blood pressure and the longer it goes uncontrolled, the greater the damage. Fortunately, you can control your blood pressure to lower your risk for serious health problems.
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The effects of sleep apnea can leave sufferers tired even after a seemingly long night's sleep. Sleep apnea can also be deadly if undiagnosed or left untreated.
A sufferer of sleep apnea will experience episodes where they stop breathing when asleep. This cuts off the flow of oxygenated blood to the brain, with life threatening consequences in the long term.
Types of Sleep Apnea
The two main types of sleep apnea are as below, with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) the most common one:
WEDNESDAY, April 2, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- College football players show signs of having stiffer blood vessels than their leaner peers who don't play football, according to new research.
iStock/Thinkstock(SAN DIEGO) -- There's a new reason for people in their 50s and 60s to keep a close watch on their blood pressure: hypertension may be linked to an increased risk for Alzheimer's disease.
Some people have trouble falling asleep. Others can't stay asleep. And then there are the people (um, me!) who have trouble turning life "off" and tucking into bed at a reasonable hour.
When it comes to size, bigger isn’t always better, and a new study on testicles of all things shows what the consequences of an enlarged package just might be: a connection was found between large testicles and heart disease risk.
Researchers in Italy measured testicle size of more than 2,800 men who sought medical help for sexual dysfunction, and conducted follow up examinations with half of them for seven years. Surprisingly, they found an association between testicle size and risk factors associated with heart disease and heart attacks – namely smoking, heavy drinking, obesity, and high blood pressure.
The findings caught the research team off guard, as larger testicles usually predict a certain level of healthiness. Indeed, Guilia Rasterelli, the lead researcher on the project, conceded, “Although it is generally assumed that testis size can predict reproductive fitness, our results indicate that this objective parameter can provide insights also on overall health and [cardiovascular disease] risk."
The reason behind it all: hormones. Testicle size is controlled by the amount of testosterone present in the body, and testosterone production is regulated in turn by another hormone. This chemical is called luteinizing hormone, or LH for short, and may be responsible for causing problems with the cardiovascular system. However, elevated LH levels would not explain why these men are predisposed to lifestyle risk factors like smoking and drinking.
The jury is still out on the results of the study, and many experts find the results conflicting. Consider the following: testicles in a way are responsible for their own size. If testosterone production is down, the testes will begin to shrink. In order to stop from getting too small, the testes will release some chemical that will signal the release of LH, which will facilitate the production of testosterone, which will bring them back up to size. Physiologically, elevated levels of LH should be seen in men with smaller testicles, those that are desperately trying to up-regulate testosterone production so that they can return to a normal size.
“I think there isn’t a relationship that makes sense here,” said Dr. Andrew Kramer, a urologist at the University of Maryland Medical Center.
The researchers understand this apparent contradiction and admit that another factor, not considered in the study, may be responsible for both the high LH levels and the heart problems.
Finally, due to the unrepresentative population covered in the study – men who sought medical attention due to sexual dysfunction – additional studies must be conducted before results can be applied to the all men, at large.
While we all know that regular exercise is an important aspect of maintaining a long and healthy life, it can be difficult for many who wish to exercise to participate in strenuous cardiovascular activities. However, a new study published in the journal Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology has demonstrated that brisk walking can reduce the risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease just as much as intense running!