Blood Calcium Levels - Hypocalcemia vs. Hypercalcemia: In order for the heart and muscles to function properly, as well as to ensure bone development, normal blood calcium levels are essential. When the blood has too little calcium levels, the condition is known as hypocalcemia. In contrast, hypercalcemia is a condition in which the calcium levels in the blood are above normal. Too much or too little of calcium in the blood can weaken bones, create kidney stones, and interfere with proper heart and brain function.
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Hypoparathyroidism 101: Hypoparathyroidism occurs when an individual's parathyroid glands produce too little parathyroid hormone (PTH). This leads to low blood calcium levels, and rising phosphorus blood levels. Symptoms vary depending on the cause, but usually involve involuntary muscle contractions and decreased nerve functioning. This condition is most often the result of accidental injury or removal of the parathyroid glands during a surgical operation. Treatment may involve long term supplement use to regulate levels of calcium and phosphorus in the blood. Check out this infographic to learn more about hypoparathyroidism: