Epilepsy - Seizure First Aid: A seizure is an electrical disturbance in the brain that can cause confusion, muscle jerking, and loss of memory. A person who suffers more than one seizure is said to have epilepsy. Poorly controlled seizures can lead to injuries, limitations at school or work, and an inability to drive. If you are with someone who has a seizure, it is important to have a general idea of what to do, and what things to avoid. Also, be aware of things to look for that would require calling emergency medical services.
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8 Easy Stretches to Relieve Back Pain: Back pain is one of the most excruciating sensations one can experience. Pain can be caused by a chronic condition such as ankylosing spondilitis or scoliosis, a sudden accident, lack of activity, or constant strain. It causes us to slow down and even quit some tasks that used to be manageable. If back pain gets bad enough, it may even leave some bed ridden. Medicine or hot/cold patches may provide temporary relief, but eventually the pain will return. Stretching helps the muscles activate and build strength to support the spine - leading to reduced frequency and intensity of pain. Below are some simple exercises that can have you back on your feet in no time:
Autoimmune Polyglandular Syndromes (APS) - Types 1 & 2: APSs include a wide variety of autoimmune disorders that are divided into a very rare juvenile type 1, and a relatively common adult form type 2. There is also a third type that does not affect the adrenal glands. APS type 1 typically occurs in early childhood, while type 2 most often occurs in one's 30s or 40s. Type 1 is caused by mutations of the autoimmune regulatory (AIRE) gene on chromosome 21. It is inherited in a autosomal recessive manner, meaning both parents must be carriers and pass on the faulty gene in order for their child to be affected. The mutation results in the production of defective proteins which cause the autoimmune destruction of target organs. Type 1 can be diagnosed via genetic testing, but not type 2 since it is caused by complex genetic interactions. Check out this infographic to learn more about autoimmune polyglandular syndromes types 1 & 2:
You work so hard in the gym, so the last thing you will want is for the recovery process to impact your progression. If you want to reap the benefits of regular exercise, you must take the rest and recovery process seriously. To help you do so, we are providing some top tips on how to quickly recover after a workout.
Osteoporosis Overview: Osteoporosis is a disease of the bones that causes them to weaken and become fragile - increasing the likelihood of a fracture. It is sometimes referred to as a "invisible disability" because it can exist for years without symptoms. There is no cure for osteoporosis, though there are many treatment options. Check out this infographic to learn more about osteoporosis, including risk factors, lifestyle changes, and some important statistics:
Nontuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM) Pulmonary Infections: NTM are a type of bacteria that occur naturally in the environment (water and soil) which do not cause tuberculosis or leprosy. NTM do cause pulmonary infections that resemble tuberculosis, however. Human disease from NTM is believed to be caused by environmental exposure. There is no evidence that NTM-related infections can be contracted by animal-to-human or human-to-human contact. Check out this infographic to learn more about notuberculous mycobacteria, who is at risk for infection, symptoms, and treatment:
Acute Interstitial Pneumonia (AIP) Overview: Acute interstitial pneumonitis (AIP), also known as Hamman-Rich syndrome is an uncommon type of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia for which researchers have not yet found a cause (idiopathic). Pneumonia results when tissues of the lungs become inflamed in reaction to infection. The inflammation can also extend into the bronchioles, the small airways that branch off into the lungs. Prolonged inflammation causes fibrosis. Over time, scar tissue causes the bronchi and the walls of the bronchi widen, or are destroyed, resulting in the lungs shrinking. The condition usually progresses to respiratory failure and medical treatment is immediately required.
Gestational Diabetes - Risk Factors: Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that occurs in pregnant women who get high blood pressure. This is due to hormonal changes during pregnancy and can cause the baby to grow very large, leading to complications during delivery. Although gestational diabetes usually resolves on its own after giving birth, the baby could still be born with low blood sugar, yellowish skin and eyes (jaundice), or breathing problems. If you are diagnosed with it, your doctor can help you to keep your blood sugar under control throughout your pregnancy. To avoid complications during pregnancy, be sure to know the risk factors involved with gestational diabetes:
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine system disorder characterized by enlarged ovaries that contain small collections of fluid, follicles, located in each ovary. Women with PCOS have an imbalance of hormones that interferes with normal reproductive processes.
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic disease of the esophagus (the “food pipe” which goes from the mouth to the stomach), and is triggered by allergies to certain foods or environmental substances (such as pollen, weeds or trees). This leads to redness, swelling, and damage to the esophagus. Adults with EoE commonly complain of difficulty swallowing (dysphagia), feeling food move slowly down the food pipe, or food getting stuck in their food pipe (food impaction).