Premature Labor/Birth Risk Factors: In 2010, more than a third of infant deaths were due to complications from preterm births- making prematurity the most common cause of infant mortality. Infants born premature have increased rates of health problems and lifelong disabilities. Some of these complications include intellectual disabilities, behavioral problems, cerebral palsy, lung problems, vision and hearing loss, diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease. Babies born before the 34th week of pregnancy (very or moderately preterm) have the highest risk for early death and enduring health problems. Recent research has shown that even late preterm infants (34-36 weeks) have greater health risks than full-term babies.